Western Architecture Timeline

Ages of Western Art
3000-2000 BC 2000-1000 BC 1000 BC-0 0-1000 1000-present
1 2 3 4 7
5 6 8
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Aegean
ca. 3000-1200 BC
Greek
ca. 1200 BC-0
Roman
ca. 0-500
Medieval
ca. 500-1500
Renaissance
ca. 1400-1600
Baroque
ca. 1600-1800
Neoclassical/Romantic
ca. 1750-1900
Modern
ca. 1850-
Summary of Western Architecture
Minoan (ca. 2000-1400 BC)
• Knossos Palace
Mycenaean (ca. 1400-1200 BC)
• megaron
• Treasury of Atreus
Archaic (ca. 800-500 BC)
• megaron > peripteral temple
• Doric and Ionic orders
Classical (ca. 500-330 BC)
• Athens acropolis (Parthenon, Erechtheum, Propylaea)
• Corinthian order
Hellenistic (ca. 330 BC-0)
• Alexandria (Library, Lighthouse)
Pax Romana (ca. 0-200)
• temples (Pantheon, Maison-Carrée)
• Colosseum
Late Empire (ca. 200-500)
• Baths of Caracalla
Early Christian (ca. 200-500)
• church designs (basilica > Latin cross & central plan)
• earliest churches (Old St Peter's, Santa Sabina)
Byzantine (ca. 500-1500)
• central plan churches (Hagia Sophia)
Dark Ages (ca. 500-1000)
• early Dark Ages: adoption of Roman architecture
• Carolingian (Palatine Chapel)
• Ottonian (St Michael's at Hildesheim)
Later Medieval (ca. 1000-1500)
• Romanesque (Vézelay)
• High Gothic: spires (Chartres), plain towers (Notre Dame)
• Late Gothic: Rouen
• stave churches
Renaissance (ca. 1400-1600)
• Early: Brunelleschi (dome, churches), Alberti (facades)
• High: Bramante (Tempietto), Palazzo Farnese
• Late: Palladio (villas)
Baroque (ca. 1600-1800)
• Early: Maderno (facade of St Peter's)
• High: Bernini and Borromini (churches)
• Late: chateaux (Versailles)
• Rococo: Austria/southern Germany (churches)
Neoclassical (ca. 1750-1900)
• temple style (Panthéon, British Museum)
• Palladian (Adam, US civic buildings)
• classical block: Labrouste (Library of Sainte-Geneviève), Garnier (Paris Opéra)
Gothic Revival (ca. 1750-1900)
• UK: Houses of Parliament, polychrome brick Gothic
• US: St Patrick's Cathedral, carpenter Gothic
Early Modern (ca. 1850-1900)
• peak of iron-frame architecture (Crystal Palace, Eiffel Tower)
• Chicago school (skyscrapers, functionalism)
Late Modern (ca. 1900-60)
• international style: Gropius, Corbusier, Mies
• Wright (organic architecture)
postmodern (ca. 1960-present)
• total aesthetic freedom (Johnson)