Western Painting Timeline

Ages of Western Art
3000-2000 BC 2000-1000 BC 1000 BC-0 0-1000 1000-present
1 2 3 4 7
5 6 8
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Aegean
ca. 3000-1200 BC
Greek
ca. 1200 BC-0
Roman
ca. 0-500
Medieval
ca. 500-1500
Renaissance
ca. 1400-1600
Baroque
ca. 1600-1800
Neoclassical/Romantic
ca. 1750-1900
Modern
ca. 1850-
Summary of Western Painting
Minoan (ca. 2000-1400 BC)
• pottery: Kamares style > marine style
• murals: Knossos Palace, Akrotiri
Mycenaean (ca. 1400-1200 BC)
• pottery: palace style, pictorial style
• murals: various settlements
Greek Dark Age (ca. 1200-800 BC)
• pottery: protogeometric
Archaic (ca. 800-500 BC)
• pottery: geometric > orientalizing > black-figure
• flat murals (Tomb of the Diver)
Classical/Hellenistic (ca. 500 BC-0)
• pottery: red-figure > decline
• realistic murals (Vergina Tombs)
Roman (ca. 0-500)
• Pompeian styles
• mummy portraits
Early Christian (ca. 200-500)
• catacomb murals
Byzantine (ca. 500-1500)
• Byzantine style mosaics and murals
• icons
Dark Age (ca. 500-1000)
• barbarian: insular style (Book of Kells)
• Carolingian (Ebbo Gospels)
• Ottonian (Codex Egberti)
Later Medieval (ca. 1000-1500)
• Romanesque (Winchester Bible)
• Gothic (Tres Riches Heures)
Renaissance, Italy (ca. 1400-1600)
• Early: Masaccio, Botticelli
• High: Leonardo, Michelangelo, Raphael
• Late: Titian
Renaissance, Low Countries
• 15th c: van Eyck
• 16th c: Bruegel
Renaissance, other
• High: Dürer (Germany)
• Late: El Greco (Spain)
Baroque (ca. 1600-1800)
• Early: Caravaggio (realist Baroque)
• High: Rubens (dynamic Baroque), Rembrandt and Velazquez (realist Baroque), Poussin (classical)
• Late: successors to High Baroque masters
• Rococo: Boucher
Neoclassical/Romantic (ca. 1750-1900)
• Neoclassical: David
• Romantic (figure): Gericault, Delacroix
• Romantic (landscape): Barbizon school, Constable, Turner
Early Modern (ca. 1850-1900)
• realism: Courbet
• impressionism: Manet > Monet
• post-impressionism: van Gogh (fluid), Cezanne (geometric)
rise of extreme distortion (ca. 1900-WWI)
• expressionism (Matisse) > fluid abstraction (Kandinsky)
• cubism (Picasso) > geometric abstraction (Malevich)
interwar (ca. 1920-40)
• Europe: Dada (Duchamp), surrealism (Dali)
• US: American scene painting (Wood, Benton, Hopper)
postwar (ca. WWII-1960)
• abstract expressionism: action painting (Pollock), colour-field (Rothko)
postmodern (ca. 1960-present)
• minimalism (Stella), hyperrealism, pop (Warhol)
• conceptual, performance, installation